1. Distinguishing between verifiable facts and value claims.

  2. Determining the reliability of a claim or source.

  3. Determining the accuracy of a statement.

  4. Distinguishing between warranted and unwarranted claims.

  5. Distinguishing relevant from irrelevant information.

  6. Detecting bias.

  7. Identifying unstated and stated assumptions.

  8. Identifying ambiguous or equivocal claims or arguments.

  9. Recognizing logical inconsistencies in a line of reasoning.

  10. Determining the strength of an argument.


SOURCE: Thinking Skills Throughout the Curriculum, Pi Lambda Theta, Bloomington, Indiana, Barbara Presseisen, 1987.

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